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Archaeological Survey of India, Ranchi Circle is newly created of A.S.I. which have been bifurcated from Patna Circle in 2003. Before creation of Ranchi Circle, it was a Sub-Circle under Patna Circle and the office of Conservation Assistant was estabilished at H.I. - 31, Harmu Housing Colony, Harmu, Ranchi.


    Exposed Temple Complex - Benisagar,  Dist. - West Singhbhum

Benisagar or Benusagar (Lat.  210 59 02  N., Long. - 850 53 39 E.) is situated in Majhgaon Block of West Singhbhum district of Jharkhand and very close to the border of Mayurbhanj district of Orissa. It is about 85 km towards south of Chaibasa, the district headquarter of West Singhbhum and about 17 km from Majhgaon. Benisagar is named after one Benu Raja who perhaps excavated the large tank situated in the village named after the said tank. The measurement of the tank is approximately 300 mt. x 340 mt. and first reported by Colonel Tickel who visited the place in 1840. Further in 1875 AD., J.D. Beglar visited the place and noticed some sculptures with certain details based on which he ascribed the date of the site to the 7thcentury AD. As per local tradition the tank is said to be excavated by Benu Raja. However, it has not been archaeologically ascertained.

The excavations carried out by the Archaeological Survey of India towards south-east and eastern embankment of the tank has brought to light the two Panchayatana temple complex, secular structures, number of sculptural remains including the images of Surya, Bhairava, Lakulisha, Agni, Kubera etc. Apart from these, a stone seal having inscription "Priyangu Dheyam Chatuvidya (Chaturvidya)" that means a person by name Priyangu, well versed in four Vedas has also been discovered from the site. The script of the inscription is Brahmi and the language is Sanskrit which may be datable on paleographically to the 5th  century AD.

On the basis of the finds, it may be said that the site was inhabited from 5th  century AD. to 16th  - 17th  century AD

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